Ketosis Made Simple
Simply put, ketosis means that your body is in ultra efficient state of fat utilization (burning) for fuel. This is in contrast to the standard American which puts the body into a primarily carbohydrate utilizing state. The difference between using fat as energy and carbohydrates as energy is about as different as night and day and the subject of the next few pages of this document. Utilize this information as a launching point into a more energetic, healthier and happier life! Some of the terms in this document may be new but do not feel overwhelmed, we will break each one down into understandable terms. First and foremost is the concept of ketosis, the ketogenic diet and ketones. These are all terms in reference to FAT BURNING. A KETONE is the broken down form of fat that the body can use as fuel. Compare this to glucose, which is the broken down form of Carbohydrates or Sugar. That's about where the similarities end.
Notice that these two fuel sources (ketone vs glucose) is used up by the body very differently. The ketone is comparable to logs on the fire as produce more energy for a longer period of time without all the “smoke” or negative byproducts. Glucose however is used up very quickly in the body like a sparkler. Just think about the last time you had a donut and then crashed a couple hours later. This will be explained further in the coming pages. The next term is KETOSIS. Ketosis is the fat burning state that occurs when the body utilizes ketones (fat) as energy. This has to do with which type of fuel is being used. Like a hybrid car that can utilize both electric and gasoline, the body is capable of switching over fuel sources. Next, the KETOGENIC DIET is the habit of eating a high proportion of fat as your calorie source as opposed to the standard american diet which is primarily fat. It is important to understand one more term to get a solid foundation and that is MACRONUTRIENTS. A macronutrient is simply the broad term for the collection of major food sources: 1)Fat 2)Protein 3)Carbohydrates. These are important to know as the ketogenic diet will consist of about 75% of your calories from fat, 20% from protein and 5% from carbs.
Now that you that you understand what ketosis is, it is important to understand why this way of living has been ingrained into our own lives as well as our clinical prescriptions for so many. Our purpose and mission is to transform lives and ultimately give you the energy, happiness and freedom to do whatever it is that truly makes you thrive. Whether your goal is to perform better at work, be a better parent, battle an illness or lose some weight, ketosis may be the answer for you.
Remember the example of a ketone burning like a log in a fire versus glucose burning like a sparkler? This difference in metabolism makes all the difference across many aspects of your life. Energy: All day, unrelenting energy without the ups and downs or crashes. When healthy fats are eaten the body digests them without the help of the storage hormone, insulin. This means that when you drink your bulletproof coffee or other high fat meal, you will get the sustained en- Adenine triphosphate (ATP) is the ergy that sticks around to feed the cells in your body. Fats also contains biochemical way that the body can more energy per bite, more than double in fact. If that is not impressive store and use energy. One adenine enough, your body can make more usable energy out of each fat cell. molecule is bonded to three phos- Through a process known as “Beta Oxidation, your body creates nearly phate molecules and each of these 4x the ATP (usable energy units) than carbs. Depending on the chem- bonds hold energy like a caged istry of the specific fat (how many carbons are in it), that could mean monkey just ready to escape. ATP more than 129 ATP versus the max carbohydrate output of 38 ATP. is what the body needs to pro- When carbohydrates or sugar is eaten, the body responds by duce a thought, flex a muscle or producing insulin which puts all of the excess energy into “storage” do literally ANY function...even (belly fat, glycogen, etc). That means that a little bit of the sugar is used just sitting. Without ATP we die up like a flash in the pan while all the excess is stored in places you in seconds and our muscles lock probably don’t want (hips, thighs, belly etc). After that flash of glucose up (rigor mortis) making ATP the is used up there is a delay before energy is produced again. This is the energy for life! The more you have “crash” so many experience after eating a high carb meal like donuts, the more you can do, simple as that. breads, pasta or sweets. Brain Clarity
We are all wanting to think a little faster, remember a little more and feel a little happier. The issue is that stress, toxins and inflammation go to our brain and literally cloud our thoughts. Ketosis upregulates mitochondrial biogenesis in the brain. It literally creates new power plants in the brain that are good at burning fat-derived fuel. Including more fat into our diet will feed our neurons with high quality fat that is actually preferred by the brain like jet fuel instead of corn oil in your engine. Additionally, the insulation that surrounds the nerves (Myelin) is made up of whatever fat you put in your body. The function of this myelin is to accelerate signals from neuron to neuron like an expressway and to protect these happens when our myelin disappears or isn’t made properly? For this we can look at multiple sclerosis, a deadly neurological disease hallmarked by the degredation of myelin. The quality of your myelin is directly linked to the quality of your diet. Low fat intake means that there are no building blocks to make up myelin which can only be made worse by intaking “bad fats”. Intake of bad fats like trans fats, hydrogenated oils or oxidized fats means that your myelin will be made up of this junk material. No different than if you built a new home using rotting wood and rusty nails. This is why it is important to consume plenty of the good fats we will talk about as well as eliminate the harmful trans fats, vegetable oils, corn oils etc. Disease Prevention: The list of health conditions that can benefit from entering a ketogenic state is growing daily and considering the epidemic of CHRONIC disease in the country and obesity related diseases. I am confident in stating that incorporating a ketogenic diet into an Americans lifestyle at least occasionally could begin to mitigate the stress of being sick. Blood sugar and insulin related diseases such as Diabetes Type II and to a lesser yet still significant degree Diabetes Type I benefit from the lowered dependance on insulin in a ketogenic diet. Fat and doses of protein less than 25g can be processed in the body without signalling a significant insulin respondance as they do not require the glucose receptors in the body to be activated. This lowers blood sugar, resensitizes glucose receptors which means that less insulin will need to be produced when carbs are eaten and takes the strain off of the pancreas. Neurological conditions such as migraines, seizures, epilepsy etc. have strong relations with too much excitement in the brain. An issue often stimulated by the quick rush of carb/sugar metabolism, or excitatory chemicals like glutamate which are limited in a higher fat diet. Additionally, glucose transport in the brain is temporarily hindered during any type of trauma, which could be a car accident, concussion or even “bumping your head”. This means that after an event such as that, the brain does not use glucose well and will benefit from a healthy dose of fats. The ketogenic first gained clinical notoriety in the early 1900’s as a treatment for kids with seizures who did not respond to medications. There are novels of literature regarding the effects of ketones for the brain and if interested a quick google search will satisfy you for hours! Inflammation based conditions which range from soreness and arthritis to fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue all respond well to ketones as they are a “clean burning” fuel that limits inflammation. Though mitochondria (energy cells) are essential for life, they are also the producers of inflammation by-product. A necessary side effect that can be reduced by choosing a more efficient fuel like ketones. These are just a few however research has demonstrated beneficial effects for: polycystic ovarian syndrome, migraines, cancer, parkinson’s, alzheimers, insomnia, dementia and autoimmune conditions. Fat Loss: Perhaps the most attractive benefit of a ketogenic diet is the unrivaled effectiveness to lose fat, get lean and look better. The myth that fat makes you fat is a thing of the past as the research without a doubt finds that it is sugar and processed carbohydrates that inflate your waist line. Ketones do this in multiple ways. Initially you will notice a significant reduction in bloating which is the elimination of EXCESS water weight. Carbohydrates, more specifically glycogen hold onto water in your body which means that decreasing carbs and replacing with fat will elminate bloating and about 5% of body weight in the first month just by that method. Second, ketones burn “hotter” which you will immediately feel through an increase of energy but this also contributes to weight loss as you will actually increase your resting metabolic rate (RMR) as these ketones are being preferentially burned. If you ever go into a supplement store you will likely see an entire wall dedicated to weight loss pills and powders loaded with stimulants that are also looking to raise your RMR. So save yourself the jitters and excess sweating of diet pills and give ketosis a shot. If there is one diet that has created a contagious community of transformations and support it is this one...